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African Business 2020 edition

  • Text
  • Agenda
  • Business
  • Invest
  • Union
  • Industry
  • Sustainable
  • Development
  • Regions
  • Trends
  • Sectors
  • Afcfta
  • Trade
  • Investment
  • Africa
  • Global
  • Continent
  • Projects
  • Economic
  • Infrastructure
  • Countries
A unique guide to business and investment in Africa. Global Africa Network is proud to launch this inaugural edition of African Business 2020 at a time of energetic planning for a prosperous future for the continent. The African Union’s Agenda 2063 is much more than a document about a hoped-for future, it contains concrete goals and deliverables. The Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) and the development finance institution, the African Development Bank (AfDB) are already rolling out valuable projects that are changing the reality on the ground in vital areas of the African economy. Perhaps the most significant event of recent times is the signing by African leaders of the African Continental Free Trade Area agreement (AfCFTA) which will bring together all 55 member states of the African Union and cover a market of more than 1.2-billion people. African Business 2020 has articles on all of these recent trends, plus overviews of the key economic sectors and regional and country profiles. In 2019 Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed received the Nobel Peace Prize for peace-making efforts in his region. The economic dividends of peace are beginning to be felt. In 2020 South African President Cyril Ramaphosa assumed the mantle of AU Chairperson. He brings to the role considerable experience in conflict management, constitution-writing and seeking consensus. Global Africa Network is a proudly African company which has been producing region-specific business and investment guides since 2004, including South African Business and Nigerian Business, in addition to its online investment promotion platform


SPECIAL FEATURE Foundation and the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa (IDC). At the WEF hosted by Rwanda in 2016 a commitment was made to ensure that 16 infrastructure projects valued at more -billion would be implemented. As further proof that there is an appetite for investment in Africa, the Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund (EAIF) announced that it had raised 5-million in a fundraiser in 2018. The EAIF, which is part of the Private Infrastructure Development Group (PIDG), is investing over a five-year term in what are called “fragile” states. To date, EAIF has invested nearly .3-billion which was pivotal in attracting more than .9-billion of private capital investment to over 70 projects in 22 Sub-Saharan countries. Allianz Investment Management and Investec Asset Management are investors in EAIF. Others include Standard Chartered Bank, the African Development Bank, FMO (a Dutch development finance institution) and KFW, the German development bank. AfDB is providing a total of -million over 10 years, Standard Chartered Bank is extending its existing lending to -million. Separate articles on energy, transport and logistics and ICT appear elsewhere in this journal. Cities Cement manufacturer PPC is gearing up for the exponential growth of African cities. The company’s roots are in South Africa, but it has invested, and is investing, in Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Botswana and Ethiopia. Its Rwandan investment has turned that country into a net exporter of cement. PPC’s projections are that producers of cement will need to provide 1 000kg per person in Africa for the next 35 years to keep pace with the coming building boom. The current average in Africa is 175kg per person against a world average of 500kg. Given that the production of cement is a big source of greenhouse gases, the planet will have to hope that African cement producers’ efforts to reduce carbon emissions are successful. An ambitious Egyptian project aims to create a new city east of Cairo, a response to projections that the capital city’s population will rise to 50-million on its current trajectory. Intended to cover a land area of around 700km², the first phase caters for government departments, the parliament and housing. The development company is majorityowned by the state through the military and the China State Contracting Engineering Corporation (CSCEC) has a number of contracts within the development. CSCEC was also involved in the construction of the African Union (AU) headquarters in Addis Ababa and the Great Mosque of Algiers. In 2019 a cathedral and a large mosque were dedicated in what is being called the “New Administrative Capital”. The 390m Nile Tower will be Africa’s tallest building. Work on the huge building commenced in 2019 and it will provide 35 000m² of hotel accommodation and 60 000m² for residential accommodation. Other future cities include efforts by Lagos to reclaim land and build a new urban centre, Eko Atlantic City, and a Senegalese initiative to reduce pressure on Dakar with the creation of Diamniadio Lake City. The latter project, set to be completed in 2035, makes provision for a university, an industrial park, entertainment venues and state ministry buildings. The proposed city is close to Blaise Diagne International Airport. Several planning initiatives are tackling urban issues in the African context. One of them is “Future Cities Africa”, a joint initiative of Cities Alliance and UK’s Department for International Development. The aim is to assist cities to balance environmental risk and manage demographic change while at the same time achieving inclusive economic growth. Arup, an engineering and design company, has conducted studies on nine cities in four African countries as part of this project. The study is called “Future Proofing City”. One of the biggest issues facing cities is financing. Kampala has introduced property taxes as a new source of revenue, but as a representative of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors told Summit Africa 2018, “To keep pace with urbanisation, cities can’t rely solely on user or property charges to retrofit and expand themselves.” AFRICAN BUSINESS 2020 18

SPECIAL FEATURE Corridors Africa has several transport corridors and is planning many more. The African Union’s Agenda 2063 calls for all African capitals to be linked by road, rail and air. The African Union Commission and China have signed an agreement related to this goal. The AU’s Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) was adopted as a strategic programme in 2012 but it has become much more active as “corridor thinking” has started to focus on hard issues such the standardisation of railway gauges, border control protocols and port efficiency. To get an idea how important these initiatives are, it is estimated that African port charges are 40% more expensive than the global norm and that more than 70% of delays in cargo delivery arise from wasted time spent in ports (AfDB). Transport prices dropped 70% under the Northern Corridor Transit and Transport Agreement in the five years to 2015 because logistics infrastructure was improved. In the same period, the Central Corridor (Dar es Salaam to Kampala) recorded 80% price rises. This is a selection of some of the corridor developments PIDA is working on: • Beira-Nacala Multimodal Transport Corridor: a modern railway system to be implemented between the ports of Nacala and/or Beira and the coal-exporting region of Moatize in Mozambique • Central Multimodal Transport Corridor: upgrading and modernisation of roads between Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo • Djibouti-Addis Transport Corridor: upgrading of 710km of railway and six smart corridor modules between Ethiopia and Djibouti • North-South Multimodal Transport Corridor: a smart corridor system for road and rail on the multi-modal African Regional Transport Infrastructure Network in Southern Africa • Southern Africa Hub Port and Rail Programme: a master plan for regional port capacity in the Southern African Development Community. ■ A true pan-African bank Citi continues to invest in its technology, people and partnerships in order to consolidate its growth and development in the region. Underpinning all this momentum is its unrivalled global network and client-centric strategy to both product development and customer service. Citi gives companies that are looking to grow into, and out of, Africa access to the world’s largest transaction banking network while navigating the local nuances that come with doing business on the continent. Its focus is on being simpler, safer and stronger so that they can be the best for their clients in the long-term. Citi is a true pan-African bank with over 60 years of experience on the continent across 15 presence markets covering Southern, East, Central, West and North Africa, in addition to a further 22 nonpresence markets. Citi serves as a core transactional banker to over 4,000 top tier corporate/multi-national clients in the region which accounts for over 80% of the Fortune 500 companies. Citi currently provides transactional banking services to over 40 Non- Governmental Organisations (NGO) across Africa to support day-to-day financing of critical projects in the region. Citi is committed to lend, invest and facilitate 0-billion over 10 years (2014-2024) toward activities that reduce the impacts of climate change and create environmental solutions that benefit communities on the continent. 19 AFRICAN BUSINESS 2020

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