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African Business 2020 edition

  • Text
  • Agenda
  • Business
  • Invest
  • Union
  • Industry
  • Sustainable
  • Development
  • Regions
  • Trends
  • Sectors
  • Afcfta
  • Trade
  • Investment
  • Africa
  • Global
  • Continent
  • Projects
  • Economic
  • Infrastructure
  • Countries
A unique guide to business and investment in Africa. Global Africa Network is proud to launch this inaugural edition of African Business 2020 at a time of energetic planning for a prosperous future for the continent. The African Union’s Agenda 2063 is much more than a document about a hoped-for future, it contains concrete goals and deliverables. The Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) and the development finance institution, the African Development Bank (AfDB) are already rolling out valuable projects that are changing the reality on the ground in vital areas of the African economy. Perhaps the most significant event of recent times is the signing by African leaders of the African Continental Free Trade Area agreement (AfCFTA) which will bring together all 55 member states of the African Union and cover a market of more than 1.2-billion people. African Business 2020 has articles on all of these recent trends, plus overviews of the key economic sectors and regional and country profiles. In 2019 Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed received the Nobel Peace Prize for peace-making efforts in his region. The economic dividends of peace are beginning to be felt. In 2020 South African President Cyril Ramaphosa assumed the mantle of AU Chairperson. He brings to the role considerable experience in conflict management, constitution-writing and seeking consensus. Global Africa Network is a proudly African company which has been producing region-specific business and investment guides since 2004, including South African Business and Nigerian Business, in addition to its online investment promotion platform www.globalafricanetwork.com

PROFILE Region: Southern

PROFILE Region: Southern Africa The Southern African region had a population of 312.7-million in 2016. destructive cyclones in recent years and many parts of the region were hit by severe drought after 2016. South of the Zambezi River, semi-arid areas receive some rains, but temperatures remain high. In the savanna, temperatures are cooler than in the tropical areas. The South African Highveld comprises a temperate upland climatic region with temperatures that vary between warm and very cold depending on altitude and thunderstorms are frequent. A humid subtropical marine climate occurs on the south-east coast. On the southern coast, Mediterranean conditions occur. The executive arm of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) has eight directorates which deal with matters such as policy, defence, trade, finance and investment, infrastructure, agriculture and social and human development. The member states of SADC are Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Southern African Customs Union (SACU), which is based in the Namibian capital of Windhoek, is a customs union among Eswatini, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa. Climate The fact that Africa narrows in the south means that oceans play a greater role in climate than they do in the wider, northern part of the continent. The south is generally cooler and more humid. The eastern coast and hinterland have experienced AFRICAN BUSINESS 2020 Economy The southern region is relatively well integrated and communications is supported by good infrastructure. South Africa has the most diverse economy with a sophisticated banking and financial services to back it up. Manufacturing, industry, retail and construction are other strong sectors. The regional economy’s growth has been affected by the weak performance of South Africa. Commodity price fluctuations have something to do with the slump, but the most important reason was an outbreak of looting that became known as “state capture”. Mining and tourism are key sectors across the region. In Malawi, 80% of the population are dependent on agriculture but productivity levels are low. A very stable country, Malawi has adopted a vision to lift its people out of poverty focusing on education, energy, agriculture, health and tourism. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is home to a vast array of minerals. Botswana is the world’s leading diamond producer. Mauritius is forging ahead as an investment destination in high-value fields. Investment in renewable energy in Tanzania is on the rise. The discovery of big gas fields off the coast of Mozambique could be a game-changer for the whole region. The country is already a contributor to the Southern Africa Power Pool through its hydropower projects. Resources Gas, oil, manganese, iron ore, diamonds, gold, zinc, copper, potash, phosphate, ilmenite, rutile, cobalt, platinum group metals. 76

PROFILE Botswana Botswana has the world’s single richest diamond mine. Capital: Gaborone Other towns/cities: Francistown, Molepolole, Maun Population: 2.2-million (2018) GDP: .6-billion (2018) GDP per capita (PPP): 625 Currency: Pula Regional Economic Community: Southern African Development Community (SADC), Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Landmass: 581 730km² Resources: Diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver. Main economic sectors: Mining, tourism. Other sectors: Services, meat processing, textiles. New sectors for investment: Sustainable tourism, agri-processing, leather and leather products, renewable energy, mineral beneficiation. Key projects: National Development Plan 11, focus on business reforms and export diversification strategy. The Botswana Investment and Trade Centre aims to attract foreign direct investment and there are proposed amendments to immigration laws. Chief exports: Diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, iron and steel products, textiles. Top export destinations: Belgium, India, UAE, South Africa, Singapore, Israel. Top import sources: South Africa, Canada, Israel. Main imports: Machinery, electrical goods, transport equipment, textiles, fuel and petroleum products, wood and paper products, metal and metal products, food. Infrastructure: 10 airports with paved runways; 31 747km of roads, of which 9 810km is paved (2017); 888km of railway (2014). ICT: Mobile phone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 146 (2017). ICT Development Index 2017 (ITU) ranking: 105. Climate: Semi-arid, warm winters and hot summers. Kalahari Desert in the south-west and the Okavango Delta in the north is a huge inland river delta. Religion: Nearly 80% Christian. Also Badimo and others. Modern history: Botswana has made the most of its natural resources and succeeded in turning what was a poor country at the time of its independence from Britain in 1966 into the ranks of middle-income countries. The country has enjoyed long periods of political stability and runs credible elections. Diamonds and tourism are the two big earners for the country. Both sectors have been carefully monitored and governed. The tourism sector caters to high-end visitors and access to the sensitive Okavango Delta is strictly controlled. Despite these positive factors, Botswana has a high rate of HIV infection and has a number of challenges including rural poverty and shortages of water and power in many areas. It is difficult to get services to sparsely populated parts of the country. The Botswana Democratic Party has won every election since independence. Sir Seretse Khama was the first President of Botswana, from 1966 to 1980. More recently his son Ian was president and in 2018, Mokgweetsi Masisi become the fifth president of Botswana. 77 AFRICAN BUSINESS 2020

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