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South African Business 2021

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Welcome to the ninth edition of the South African Business journal. First published in 2011, the publication has established itself as the premier business and investment guide to South Africa. This issue has a focus on economic recovery plans which have been put in place to tackle the challenges thrown up by the global Covid-19 pandemic. National government’s focus on infrastructure and the use of Special Economic Zones is highlighted, together with a feature on the nascent maritime economy. Regular pages cover all the main economic sectors of the South African economy and give a snapshot of each of the country’s provincial economies. South African Business is complemented by nine regional publications covering the business and investment environment in each of South Africa’s provinces. The e-book editions can be viewed online at


POSITIVELY IMPACTING LIVES Now more than ever before the Oceans Economy will be one of the key pillars on which the South African economy of the future will be rebuilt. The Ocean, or Oceans Economy, is positioned within the South African Government’s National Development Plan (NDP) as a key driver of economic activity and growth which will help eliminate widespread poverty and inequality by 2030. As Africa’s largest fishing company, and home to the South Africa’s iconic brand, Lucky Star, Oceana is focused on protecting the integrity of the country’s marine ecosystems, promoting sustainable employment opportunities, and contributing to the country’s food security. Oceana believes that South Africa’s more than 3 000km of coastline along a major international strategic shipping route presents the perfect platform for sustainable and long-term usage of our oceans and coastline for responsible growth and development and shared prosperity. A sustainable oceans economy incorporating both the traditional and newer industries such as fishing and maritime transport, allied to newer sectors such as marine tourism, renewable energy, aquaculture and marine biotechnology, have the potential to meet the needs of all peoples, particularly those who make up rural coastal communities who have borne the brunt of poverty. From humble beginnings in the tiny West Coast fishing village of Lamberts Bay when the Lamberts Bay Canning Company Ltd was established in 1918, Oceana has over the course of the last century grown to be a leading global fish protein company and Africa’s largest fishing company. Oceana is ranked among the top 5 most empowered companies on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange and listed on the Namibian Stock Exchange as well. The Group operates in South Africa, Namibia and the USA and markets fish-based products in 46 countries across the world. The fishing industry estimates that it accounts for 20 000 direct jobs and a further 60 000 indirect jobs across the economy in South Africa, where the Group continues to drive economic empowerment, real transformation and environmental stewardship for current as well as future generations. Government launched Operation Phakisa (“hurry up” in Sesotho) in mid-2014 to spur sustainable economic growth across key areas in a bid to address poverty, inequality and unemployment. The Oceans Economy was one of seven targeted sectors, and listed six priority areas including offshore Oil & Gas, Aquaculture, the further development of Small Harbours, Coastal and Marine Tourism, Marine Transport and Manufacturing & Marine Protection Services & Ocean Governance. The fishing sector was not included as one of the key priority areas under the Oceans Economy despite its significant socio-economic contribution which is estimated at over R14 billion a year. The fishing sector is far more established than some of the newer maritime industries punted under Operation Phakisa but this does not mean that fishing is not a key contributor and enabler to national imperatives of economic growth, job retention and creation, and sustainable economic development, particularly in

coastal areas and communities where unemployment and underdevelopment are chronic issues. The commercial fishing sector, of which Oceana is an important stakeholder, makes a socioeconomic contribution of Rl4.3 billion per annum, employing in excess of 20 000 people directly and a further 60 000 indirectly, and has an annual spend of over Rl billion in developing and supporting around 2 000 SMMEs all across South Africa. The sector is also noted for its capital intensive nature and, as such, lists fleet and processing facilities valued at over R13,5 billion, with further capital investments of R7,5 billion over the last 15 years. The sector furthermore can speak to demonstrable transformation, having moved from one of the most untransformed sectors into one of the most transformed. Under Apartheid only 1% of commercial fishing rights were held by black South Africans, but black ownership has grown and has continued to rise, from 35% in 2004 to over 75% currently. Oceana operates 11 factories across the world and also manages a fleet of 54 vessels and 8 cold storage facilities. The Oceana Group works hard to empower communities and contribute to environmental sustainability throughout all the communities in which the company operates. Oceana is also committed to job security, investing in skills development, and bringing new technologies to bear to support and uplift coastal communities. The Group is working hard to drive positive transformation in fishing to ensure that the small scale fishing sector participates in and contributes towards the broader economic development of South Africa by creating better job opportunities, shared prosperity and enabling sustainable development in coastal communities. While the commercial fishing industry is well transformed in terms of broad ownership, here is still a need for greater transformation at participation levels. Continuity through certainty and long-term stability provides the platform for significant further growth and economic development and it is imperative that all stakeholders work together with a unified sense of purpose. A fully transformed commercial fishing industry is key to unlocking economic development in South Africa because the fishing value chain offers enormous opportunities for inclusive growth and employment and enterprise development in coastal communities. At Oceana, we believe that any company that is afforded the right to fish must prove their tangible commitment to converting these rights into broad-based social and economic benefits. This should at all times be done in a sustainable and inclusive manner. As such, the company launched the Oceana Empowerment Trust (OET) in 2006 to unlock and convert the value of harvesting fishing rights into shared, broad-based value for eligible black South African employees. The OET has a 10% shareholding in Oceana with a market value of almost Rl-billion, making the Trust the largest 100% black-owned fishing entity in South Africa in terms of ownership value. As of September 2019, 2 447 beneficiaries had received over R400 million through the Trust, allowing them to become financially empowered and active participants in South Africa’s formal economy. The Oceana Group will also continue to play its part in skills development as it is vital for South Africa and the greater continent’s growth. Oceana’s interventions are premised on the fact that holistic skills development is central to enabling young people and women in particular to be active economic participants and not mere bystanders. Oceana recognises that the development of the small scale fishing sector and the enhancing of skills in this area is paramount to longer term success, to empower individuals and communities to participate to a greater degree in the formal economy, but crucially, also creating the opportunities and platforms to support and meet these ambitions. Communities need to move beyond just survival mode to a state where they are empowered enough to become agents of economic change, where dignity is restored and long-held dreams fulfilled. I am confident that we have a sustainability strategy that enables

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