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South African Business 2022

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Welcome to the 10th edition of the South African Business journal. First published in 2011, the publication has established itself as the premier business and investment guide to South Africa, supported by the website Regular pages cover all the main economic sectors of the South African economy and give a snapshot of each of the country’s provinces. This issue has a focus on Special Economic Zones which are being rolled out across the country with specific economic areas of focus. The importance of the revival of minerals exploration and the significance of onshore and offshore gas discoveries is the subject of another special feature.

FOCUS Sectoral strengths

FOCUS Sectoral strengths of South African provinces SECTORAL STRENGTHS OF SOUTH AFRICA’S PROVINCES A wide variety of investments are available. Gauteng: • Financial and business services • Information and communications technology • Transport and logistics • Basic iron and steel, steel products • Fabricated metal products • Motor vehicles, parts and accessories • Appliances • Machinery and equipment • Chemical products, pharmaceuticals North West: • Agro-processing • Mining • Agriculture and agro-processing • Tourism • Metal products • Machinery and equipment • Renewable energy (solar) Northern Cape: • Mining • Agriculture and agro-processing • Fisheries and aquaculture • Renewable energy (solar, wind) • Jewellery manufacturing Limpopo: • Mining • Fertilisers • Tourism • Agriculture • Agro-processing • Energy, including renewables (solar) Mpumalanga: • Mining • Tourism • Forestry, paper and paper products, wood and wood products • Agriculture and agroprocessing • Metal products FOCUS KwaZulu-Natal: • Transport and logistics • Tourism • Motor vehicles, parts and accessories • Petrochemicals • Aluminium • Clothing and textiles • Machinery and equipment • Agriculture and agroprocessing • Forestry, pulp and paper, wood and wood products Western Cape: • Tourism • Financial and business services • Transport and logistics • ICT • Agriculture and agro-processing • Fisheries and aquaculture • Petrochemicals • Basic iron and steel • Clothing and textiles • Renewable energy (solar, wind) Free State: • Agriculture and agro-processing • Mining • Petrochemicals • Machinery and equipment • Tourism Eastern Cape: • Motor vehicles, parts and accessories • Forestry, wood and wood products • Clothing and textiles • Pharmaceuticals • Leather and leather products • Tourism • Renewable energy (wind) Source: Industrial Development Corporation (IDC); The Case for Investing in South Africa, Executive Summary Source: Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) (South African Investment Conference, 2018). Page | 40 SOUTH AFRICAN BUSINESS 2021 2022 20 30 23 SOUTH AFRICAN BUSINESS 2020

Logo without pay-off line At Atlantis SEZ tenants can expect energy and waste security and efficient management of waste Matt Cullinan, Infrastructure Executive of the Atlantis Special Economic Zone, outlines the importance of combining a high standard of service with green principles. The Atlantis Greentech SEZ is there to support green technology industrialisation and job creation in South Africa. The ASEZ represents South Africa’s leading foray into green industrialisation and is a tool to unlock green industrial development. Good-quality and reliable utility infrastructure underpins any good industrial zone. We are building the zone around worldclass utility services that offer energy and water security and resource-efficient management of waste – all done in a manner that contributes to sustainable development. A well-maintained and security-conscious operating environment is also important. Our aim as the Atlantis SEZ is to work together with our tenants to create mutually-supportive systems that ensure production efficiency and continuity. The ASEZ long-term infrastructure plan envisages four green utility infrastructure goals. These are: Net Zero Carbon: This involves using renewable energy embedded into the zone and servicing the industrial manufacturing plants. We aim to offer a high degree of energy security while reducing carbon emissions. This plan is complemented by an existing City of Cape Town load-mitigation programme, provided that load-reduction targets are met. This is resource efficiency in action. Net Zero Water: This aims to ensure long-term water security and efficient water use in what is a water-stressed region. This includes steps to enhance on-site water capture and re-use. Our programmes will also focus on helping to improve production efficiency and, through that, reduced use of water and/or water recycling. Net zero waste to landfill: There is growing recognition of the importance of the circular economy to sustainable development. Exploring how the waste of one production process can act as an input resource for another is another way of reducing waste to landfill. The City of Cape Town and the Western Cape already have high standards and targets for waste that cannot be sent to landfill. This creates opportunities to find ways to reduce costs of our tenants’ waste management and possibly even create new revenue opportunities. Working with nature: The Atlantis industrial area is located within an important fynbos biodiversity corridor, one of the largest green lungs remaining in Cape Town. It contains both endangered and critically endangered lowlands vegetation fynbos types. There is an ongoing process of removing invasive aliens, searching for and rescuing endangered and critically endangered species and relocating these to a land bank. The aim is to use some of these same species for landscaping the zone once factories have been built, doing as much as possible to work with the natural features and flora in the area. The ASEZ has an indigenous landscaping plan to support this objective. These goals aim to create low-carbon, resource-efficient operations for the zone and the tenants. We subscribe to UNIDO’s Eco-Industrial Park (EIP) principles and are constantly exploring ways to be more resource efficient and reduce carbon. These are also crucial contributors to the Sustainable Development Goals and meeting the objectives of significant global protocols, such as that COP26. In future, all industrial development should be done this way, especially if we are to achieve a semblance of sustainability, grow the circular economy and tackle the drivers exacerbating the climate crisis. ■ 31 SOUTH AFRICAN BUSINESS 2022

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