3 weeks ago

The Journal of African Business Issue 7

  • Text
  • Sectors
  • Tourism
  • Mining
  • Development
  • Sustainable
  • Green
  • Energy
  • Africa
  • Maritime
  • Sez
  • Cities
  • Smart
  • Investment
  • Business
  • Economy
  • Digital
  • Housing
  • Infrastructure
  • Global
  • Economic
Welcome to The Journal of African Business, a unique guide to business and investment in Africa. Since the inaugural issue was published as an annual in 2020, the quarterly format has been adopted, giving our team more opportunities to bring to readers up-to-date information and opinions and offer our clients increased exposure at specific times of the year. We cover a broad range of topics, ranging from energy and mining to tourism and skills development. A wide-ranging interview in this issue with a visionary entrepreneur gives a welcome insight into how the private sector can be deployed to solve issues that go to the heart of social problems, in this instance, affordable housing. Related to urban development is the article that lays out the vision of one of the continent’s great cities to create a smarter city. Special Economic Zones have been in Africa since 1970 but there has been a great deal of new thinking about the role that these zones can play in bolstering economic growth and promoting exports. An article explores the chief motivations for the growth of this particular policy intervention and notes that more zones and organisations representing these zones are aiming to work together, not only on a continental level but through the United Nations as well. Executive education can boost the earnings of graduates of Master of Business Administration courses, but can those post-graduate programmes also respond to and equip students with the tools to tackle African challenges? The importance of being properly covered by insurance for extreme weather conditions is the subject of two case studies by the African Risk Capacity Limited, a financial affiliate of the African Risk Capacity Group, a specialised agency of the African Union. And much more... Global African Network is a proudly African company which has been producing region-specific business and investment guides since 2004.


INSURANCE PAYOUTS HELP DROUGHT RELIEF Two West African countries have received insurance payouts from the African Risk Capacity (ARC) Group, another indication of the importance of building financial resilience into efforts to fight threats posed by extreme weather conditions. As the West and Central Africa region counts the cost of the recurring drought events that have swept through parts of the region, particularly during the 2022 agricultural season, the ARC Group has made insurance payouts to the Togolese Republic and the Republic of The Gambia The participation of both countries in the 2022/23 ARC risk pool enabled the countries to transfer risks onto international markets via ARC Limited (Ltd), a mutual insurer owned by the African member states and the commercial affiliate of the ARC Group. ARC Ltd has been providing risk pooling services to African Union (AU) member states since 2014, and these payouts make another strong case for the role of parametric insurance in building a country’s resilience to climate-induced threats. The participation of both nations in this ARC risk pool was made possible by an insurance premium paid in part by the government, with premium The ARC aims to build resilience in African agriculture. Credit: ARC support contribution from the Africa Disaster Risk Financing Programme, a framework developed as a collaboration between the African Development Bank and the ARC Group, funded by the Agence Française de Développement (ADRiFi AFD). ARC’s unique value proposition enables it to provide innovative financial mechanisms to pool the risk of participating African countries and transfer it to international reinsurance markets to strengthen members’ Disaster Risk Management (DRM) systems. TOGOLESE REPUBLIC An insurance payout of .5-million has been made to the government of the Togolese Republic to honour the conditions of the sovereign insurance policy taken out by the country to cover this risk. In line with its mandate to work with AU member states to help them to better plan, prepare and respond to climateinduced threats and disease outbreaks, ARC has been working with Togo since 2017 to strengthen its response capacities to drought events. The Togolese Republic first participated in ARC risk pools for drought during the 2019/20 agricultural season. “It’s been a great honour to work with the Togolese Republic on its journey to build the country’s resilience to the threats paused by drought events. This payout will reach the most vulnerable, and is a confirmation of the need for countries to proactively manage their risks in the face of growing climate threats,” said Lesley Ndlovu, CEO of ARC Ltd. Togo’s 2022/23 agricultural season was marked by pockets of intermittent dry spells in the north, particularly during the sowing window. The dry spells that lasted longer than 10 days caused a reduction in yield and agricultural production at the end of the season. According to the AfricaRisk View, ARC’s technical tool for monitoring the season, 689 267 people were affected in the prefectures of Savannes, Kara and Central. “The ARC mechanism is designed to support AU member states in their fight against climateinduced threats and disease outbreaks and to provide country-specific solutions based on needs. We are happy that Togo is taking action to protect vulnerable populations. We look forward to a continued relationship with Togo as we intensify efforts to strengthen response capacities and preparedness,” said Ibrahima Cheikh Diong, UN Assistant Secretary General and ARC Group Director General. To implement planned payout activities, the government of the Togolese Republic will be guided by a pre-agreed Final Implementation Plan developed as part of the ARC contingency planning process that is facilitated by ARC Agency, which is responsible for working with member states to ensure their preparedness to manage such disaster events. Funds received will be used to implement a mobile-money cash-transfer response where 9 920 households will receive .4 every month for three months to help them cope with the impact of the drought. Not only will this cash transfer contribute to food security for beneficiary households but it will 36

AGRICULTURE West and Central Africa have been experiencing severe droughts. Credit: YODA Adaman on Unsplash also prevent them from resorting to negative coping mechanisms such as selling off productive assets. To reach beneficiaries efficiently, the government will be supported by various stakeholder groups, including the National Agency for Civil Protection (NACP), the Agricultural Statistics, Information and Documentation Directorate (DSID), the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fishery Production (MAPAH), None-Governmental Organisations, Civil Society Organisations and the local government. REPUBLIC OF THE GAMBIA The government of the Republic of The Gambia has received an insurance payout of 7 641. The funds come at a time when the country is facing severe food insecurity and will support recovery efforts from the recent drought event and help the government reach the most affected populations. As drought conditions spread across West Africa’s Sahel region, The Gambia was among the most affected during the 2022/23 agricultural season. This led to late planting in the districts of Badibou, Jarra West, Kiang North Bank West and Upper River North. According to the AfricaRisk View, ARC’s technical software for early warning and monitoring, a total of 153 902 people were affected, triggering the payout. “We are thrilled to be making this payout to the Government of the Republic of the Gambia and look forward to seeing the difference it will make in the lives of affected communities. ARC has been working closely with the country’s Disaster Risk Management structures to strengthen its response capacities to drought and this payout is the culmination of these efforts,” said Lesley Ndlovu, CEO of ARC Ltd. “The payout will go a long way towards facilitating timely response on the ground, especially given the existing contingency plans to guide the implementation response.” Through the Replica programme, a strategy which allows humanitarian actors to take out a policy on behalf of a country, Replica partner, the World Food Programme (WPF), which took out a policy on behalf of The Gambia, also received a payout of the same amount. This payout will also be used to implement recovery activities in the country and complement other efforts. The Final Implementation Plan, developed from ARC’s contingency planning process, will guide the use of the payout, and assist 17 058 people in the affected regions. The Republic of Gambia has chosen the use of a cash transfer to be managed through the National Disaster Authority (NDMA) to reach the most vulnerable. The WFP will use the disbursement received in the same manner. In addition to abating increased food insecurity, the payout will also help to bolster the local cash economy and allow households a chance to recover. Commenting on the payout, UN Assistant Secretary-General and ARC Group Director General, Ibrahima Cheikh Diong, reiterated the value of the ARC intervention, “The impact of disaster events goes beyond the immediate socio-economic costs and can reverse development gains that Africa has made. In the absence of instruments such as ARC, disaster events worsen food insecurity and can easily trap vulnerable populations into perpetual cycles of poverty.” He continued, “The effort from the Republic of The Gambia to build the country’s resilience is commendable. The government has continually demonstrated its willingness to fight the scourge of climate change and protect the lives and livelihoods of its people.”The ARC facility combines four critical elements of disaster risk management: early warning, contingency planning, risk pooling and risk transfer to create a powerful value proposition and has proven to be an effective tool to improve a government’s preparedness to manage disaster events. Combined, this offering provides participating member states with access to immediate funds for early and planned responses to support vulnerable populations while strengthening response capacities. ABOUT ARC LTD African Risk Capacity Limited (ARC Ltd) is a financial affiliate of the African Risk Capacity Group, a specialised agency of the AU, an initiative designed to improve current responses to climate-related food security emergencies. ARC Ltd is a mutual insurance facility comprised of its members, which have included Kenya, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Mali, Malawi, The Gambia, Burkina Faso, Chad, Zimbabwe, Togo, Madagascar and Zambia. The membership also includes its capital contributors who have provided premium subsidies, including USAID, FCDO, SDC, KFW/BMZ, IFAD, AFDB, WFP and STARTNETWORK. 37

Other recent publications by Global Africa Network: